The James Webb space telescope may make mistakes in discovering extrasolar planets, although the telescope does not make mistakes, but it is the scientists who make mistakes in interpreting the images of this telescope.
According to an article that was published last Thursday in Nature Astronomy and quoted by Prajwal Niravla, a student at MIT University, the models that scientists use to understand turbidity and the conditions under which light passes through the atmosphere are accurate. They are not, and because the James Webb Space Telescope studies exoplanets by measuring the wavelengths of light passing through the planet’s atmosphere, the models may be in error by a factor of 10.
Niravela said that the model we currently use to decode spectral information does not match the accuracy and quality of the information we receive from the James Webb telescope.
This problem can also mislead scientists in discovering the signs of the existence of alien life.
Julien de Wit, another author of the paper, also said that scientifically, there is a five percent difference between the presence of a compound like water, as opposed to the 25 percent that current models cannot detect.
Scientists proposed many methods such as further experiments, fundamental models, modification of models, central database, etc., with the help of which we can modify the turbidity models and match the optical accuracy of this telescope.